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Better Police Training Sought For Child Death Scene Probes

All of North Carolina's new law enforcement officers should be required to undergo specialized training on child death scene investigations, the state's medical examiner and a legislative task force say, according to the Charlotte Observer. The proposal is among several prompted by an Observer series this year, "Cradle of Secrets," that looked at five years of sudden infant death syndrome cases in North Carolina and found that police frequently fail to investigate the deaths thoroughly, if at all.

Tom Vitaglione, co-chair of the N.C. Child Fatality Task Force, and Chief Medical Examiner Dr. Deborah Radisch now want the state to hire trained death scene investigators and put them in regional offices so they can respond to infant and child deaths. North Carolina doesn't have full-time trained investigators to send to most infant deaths, but a growing number of jurisdictions nationally do. Also under consideration: finding ways to push more police to use state-issued checklists when they go to death scenes. The six-page checklists could help many officers do a more thorough job, experts say. They're now optional. "I think we need standards," said Brett Loftis, a task force member and Charlotte children's rights advocate who supports the new efforts. "The inconsistency with how deaths are being handled across the state is cause for concern." The Observer's series found that most N.C. cases of SIDS, considered a natural and unpreventable death, contained evidence that suggested the babies actually might have suffocated. At least 69 percent of SIDS babies over the five-year period were in risky sleep situations. That included infants sleeping with one or more adults, on couches, adult beds, pillows and comforters, or face down.

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A Growing Movement Mounts Fight Against Child Sex Trafficking

A crackdown on child sex trafficking is being pushed by a growing movement of women's groups, celebrities, human rights activists and state officials, reports USA Today.This month, 22 state attorneys general called on Backpage.com, a classified-ad website, to close its adult-services ads after Craigslist was prodded to do so.In New York City last week, actors Demi Moore and Ashton Kutcher announced their "Real Men Don't Buy Girls" campaign against child sex trafficking at the Clinton Global Initiative meeting.
In St. Louis, a lawsuit was filed against Backpage.com, claiming it helped a pimp prostitute a 14-year-old girl.  The new efforts paint child prostitution as modern-day slavery, arguing it's a human rights issue rather than a free-speech one. The National Center for Missing & Exploited Children estimates that at least 100,000 American children are victimized each year, often beginning at ages 11 to 14, by criminal networks.

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Federal 'Defending Childhood' Plan Targets Violence Against Kids

Attorney General Eric Holder on Thursday announced a $5.5 million "Defending Childhood" initiative designed to address the exposure of children to violence as victims and as witnesses. The funding, which will support the development of programs and projects on the subject, would increase to $37 million under President Obama's proposed 2011 budget request.

The initial funding includes planning grants for eight demonstration sites to support the development of comprehensive community-based strategies to prevent and reduce the impact of children's exposure to violence in their homes, schools, and communities. The eight demonstration sites are Boston, $160,000; Portland, Maine, $160,000; Chippewa Cree Tribe of Montana, $153,210; Grand Forks, N.D., $159,967; Cuyahoga County, Ohio, $157,873; Multnomah County, Ore., $159,349; Rosebud Sioux Tribe of South Dakota, $159,534, and Shelby County, Tenn., $159,099.

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L.A. County Accused Of Concealing Child Abuse Fatalities

Los Angeles County officials have failed to follow state law that requires them to publicly disclose child fatalities resulting from abuse or neglect, reports the Los Angeles Times, citing an independent audit released Monday. The violations involve "potentially dozens" of child fatalities, County Supervisor Zev Yaroslavsky. He said the audit indicates "an intent to withhold information from the public" by the Department of Children and Family Services.

The finding by the Los Angeles County Office of Independent Review comes amid a growing debate about whether child welfare officials are underreporting deaths of children whose families previously had come to the department's attention. In the audit, Michael Gennaco, chief attorney for the Office of Independent Review, noted a dramatic change last year in the amount of information released by the department, with disclosure in only four of 18 cases. Gennaco said the pattern has extended into 2010. The Times has been denied in repeated public records requests for information.

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Feds Gather Experts, Seek Solutions To Bullying Problem

After several high-profile bullying incidents, the U.S. Department of Education is hosting the first federal school bullying summit this week, reports the Christian Science Monitor. Suicides linked to bullying – including the January suicide of Phoebe Prince in Massachusetts, which has resulted in nine felony charges against her classmates – have drawn particular attention to the issue, and several states are considering or enacting anti-bullying laws.

“People are really feeling the heat now,” says David Waren of the Anti-Defamation League,  noting that 43 states have now enacted some form of anti-bullying legislation. “This is the first time this kind of initiative has taken place, bringing together so many disparate elements, and there really is a hope that it will create a critical mass or tipping point [] and out of that will create a more strategic and aligned and leveraged effort,” he adds.

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NC Paper: SIDS Ruling Often Masks Suffocation As Cause Of Death

The public knows sudden infant death syndrome as a mysterious, unpreventable death that strikes otherwise healthy babies in their sleep. But in a series of stories, the Charlotte Observer concludes that a SIDS ruling can often mask the real cause of death. Medical examiners are supposed to call deaths SIDS only after a thorough scene investigation, autopsy and review of a baby's medical history have ruled out all other causes. But in North Carolina, newborns and other infants have died face down in pillows and soft couches. They have died in adult beds alongside one or more people, or with their heads covered in blankets. In some cases, police have suspected foul play, even homicide.


North Carolina's chief medical examiner often calls those deaths SIDS. That's different from what a growing number of national experts say may be the real killer: suffocation. "SIDS has been used as an easy option," says Dr. Ljubisa Dragovic, chief medical examiner in Michigan's Oakland County, whose office rarely uses the SIDS diagnosis. "It has had a catastrophic effect. Every year babies die of preventable causes." A Charlotte Observer investigation has found that in North Carolina, two-thirds of SIDS autopsies list risks that raise the possibility that babies may have suffocated because of unsafe bedding or sleeping with another person.


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On Missing Children's Day, Vance Says Etan Patz Case Re-Opened

On National Missing Children's Day yesterday, Manhattan District Attorney Cyrus Vance told the Wall Street Journal he had reopened the investigation into the disappearance of 6-year-old Etan Patz, the blond-haired, blue-eyed boy who disappeared 31 years ago yes terday and never returned.

Vance, who took office New Year's Day when Robert Morgenthau retired after 35 years, has directed his prosecutors to take a fresh look at a case that has haunted New York for decades. Morgenthau argued there was insufficient evidence to proceed in the case.  The prime suspect in the case is Jose Ramos, who was the boyfriend of a woman who had earlier been hired to walk Etan to school during a bus strike. Ramos is in prison for molesting two boys. Etan was declared legally dead in 2001. In 2004, a judge found Ramos responsible for Etan's death in a civil case.

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CA Victim's Father Pushes Law On Sex Offenders's Drivers Licenses

The father of abducted and murdered California teenager Amber Dubois is working with lawmakers to develop a series of measures, mostly to help authorities respond quickly when children are snatched off the streets, reports the San Diego Union-Tribune. “There are gaps and flaws in the system,” said Moe Dubois. “We are trying to recognize those, trying to close those with small legal patches. You can’t fix everything in one day.”

Amber was killed Feb. 13, 2009, by convicted sex offender John Gardner III, who is set to be sentenced next week to life in prison without parole. He also killed teenager Chelsea King. The legislative package on searches is expected to be unveiled May 25, a day set aside every year to mark National Missing Children’s Day. One idea he is suggesting would require child sex predators to carry driver’s licenses identifying them as such. That way, police and businesses can be alert for signs of inappropriate contact with children, such as a teddy bear in a back seat or loitering at a pizzeria during a birthday party.

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After Suicides, MA Toughens Reporting Rules For Bullying

Invoking two prominent suicides, Massachusetts lawmakers unanimously approved a sweeping measure to crack down on school bullying, saying its strict requirements for reporting student harassment make it one of the nation’s toughest, the Boston Globe reports.

The law includes broad prohibitions against any actions that could cause emotional or physical harm, including text messages and taunting over the Internet. It also mandates antibullying training, for faculty as well as students, and requires that parents be informed of incidents at school. At the heart of the measure is the requirement that every school employee, including custodians and cafeteria workers, report incidents of suspected bullying and that principals investigate each case.

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Alabama Sees Spike In Child Abuse Deaths; Economy To Blame?

Alabama authorities are concerned about a spike in abuse homicides of children. In the 12 months ending last Sept. 30, the state counted four cases of fatal abusive head trauma, reports the Montgomery Advertiser. Since Oct. 1, there have been four more such homicides, meaning there have been as many in the past six months as there were in the preceding year. There were just two cases of abusive head trauma leading to death the year before that.

The numbers are a cause for concern, but it too soon to say definitively that they indicate a trend, officials said. Some believe the economy could be to blame for the spike. Richard Burleson, director of the Alabama Child Death Review System, said, "I'm aware that there is a very real concern nationwide that cases of abuse and neglect have increased with the downturn in the economy." Most recently in Montgomery, 1-year-old Lia Hall was killed by blunt force trauma to the head. Her stepfather, Geoffrey Mendenall, has been charged with capital murder.

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TCR at a Glance

Five Things About Deterrence

new & notable July 24, 2014

A National Institute of Justice flyer advocates for that the certainty of punishment, rather than severity, deters crime

The ‘War’ Against Whistleblowers

July 19, 2014

Hackers and free speech activists gather in New York to denounce what they call unprecedented government efforts to prosecute leakers

Indigent Defense Spending Stalled

new & notable July 18, 2014

The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that government spending on indigent defense steadily dropped from 2008 to 2012